Linux in The News – 8-16-21
Linux in The News – 8-16-21

Linux in The News – 8-16-21

Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” Officially Released, This Is What’s New

8/15/21 (https://9to5linux.com/)

The Debian Project announced today the release and general availability of the long-anticipated Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” operating system series.

More than two years in the works, Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” is here with lots of updated components and new GNU/Linux technologies to keep up with the times. It’s powered by the Linux 5.10 LTS kernel series, which will be supported for the next five years, until December 2026, and offers improved hardware support.

Software-wise, all supported desktop environments have been updated to newer versions, including GNOME 3.38, KDE Plasma 5.20, Xfce 4.16, LXQt 0.16, LXDE 11, and MATE 1.24. Under the hood, Debian GNU/Linux 11 uses the GCC 10.2 system compiler, as well as GNU C Library 2.31, LLVM 11.0.1, and other technologies.

New features include extended driverless printing to USB devices with the new ipp-usb package, extended driverless scanning with the new sane-airscan package, use of the new yescrypt password hashing format by default for better security, enablement of the systemd persistent journal functionality by default, as well as a new open command to automatically open files from command-line with a certain app (GUI or CLI).

To provide users with a unified resource-control hierarchy, systemd now defaults to using control groups v2 (cgroupv2), but you can always re-enable the legacy cgroups using special kernel parameters.

Other noteworthy changes include out-of-the-box and native support for exFAT file system, without the use of FUSE (Filesystem in Userspace), along with the necessary tools for creating and checking exFAT filesystems, and a new input method called Fcitx 5, which can be used for Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and many other languages.

In aid of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” release ships with a range of software developed by the Debian Med team that can be used for researching the COVID-19 virus on the sequence level and for fighting the pandemic with the tools used in epidemiology.

“Besides the addition of new packages in the field of life sciences and medicine, more and more existing packages have gained Continuous Integration support,” said the Debian Project. “The effort will be continued in the next release cycle with focus on machine learning tools that are used in both fields.”

Last but not least, Debian Bullseye comes with new artwork created by Juliette Taka. Also, many of the manual pages for several projects have been greatly improved, and several language translation were updated. Check out the full release notes for more details about this release, upgrade notes, and issues to be aware of.

Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” is available for 64-bit, 32-bit, 64-bit ARM, ARM EABI (armel), ARMv7 (armhf), MIPS Little-Endian, 64-bit MIPS Little-Endian, 64-bit PowerPC Little-Endian, and IBM System z (s390x) platforms, and it can be downloaded right now from the official website as live and installation-only images.


Debian Edu 11 “Bullseye” Released as a Complete Linux Solution for Schools

8/15/21 (https://9to5linux.com/)

The Debian Project announced today the release and general availability of the Debian Edu (also known as Skolelinux) 11 “Bullseye” operating system as a complete Linux solution for schools.

Based on the recently released Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” operating system series, Debian Edu 11 “Bullseye” is here to provide you with an out-of-the box environment for configuring a complete and fully capable school network.

New features in Debian Edu 11 include support for LTSP (Linux Terminal Server Project) diskless workstations and thin clients supporting the X2Go technology, iPXE network boot support for LTSP compliance, support for graphical iPXE installations, as well as standalone Samba server with SMB2/SMB3 support.

In addition, this release introduces a new tool for setting up freeRADIUS with support for both EAP-TTLS/PAP and PEAP-MSCHAPV2 methods, improves the tool used for configuring a new system with a Minimal profile as dedicated gateway, and makes DuckDuckGo as default search provider for both Firefox ESR and Chromium web browsers.

“The teachers themselves or their technical support can roll out a complete multi-user multi-machine study environment within a few days. Debian Edu comes with hundreds of applications pre-installed, and you can always add more packages from Debian,” said Debian Project.

Of course, Debian Edu 11 is using all the GNU/Linux technologies included in the Debian Bullseye series, such as the Linux 5.10 LTS kernel series, GCC 10.2 system compiler, GNU C Library 2.31 implementation of the C standard library, LLVM 11.0.1 compiler, and many others.

Debian Edu 11 doesn’t come with a desktop environment pre-installed despite the fact that previous releases offered a dedicated Xfce image, but you will be able to choose from the many desktop environments supported by Debian GNU/Linux, including KDE Plasma, GNOME, Xfce, LXQt, LXDE, Cinnamon, and MATE.

The desktop environments contain more than 70 educational-oriented software, and you can install even more from the Debian archives. Debian Edu 11 “Bullseye” is available for download as Network-Installer CD images, as well as BD images for 64-bit and 32-bit systems right now from the official website.

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